The exhibition "WAYS OF REVOLUTION: Memorial Tourism in Yugoslavia" examines the positions and function of the memorial of the national liberation struggle in the tourist segment of the economic and socio-economic system of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
— Zagreb, Gallery Miroslav Kraljević g-mk
The exhibition is open from 10.11.2015. to 28.11.2015.
— Sarajevo, History Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Opening: Tuesday, 24.11.2015. at 4 p.m.
— Kraljevo, Municipality of Kraljevo
Opening: Saturday, 28.11.2015. at 2 p.m.
The introduction of memorial tourism as a segment of the overall tourist offer of the SFRY in the late 1970s and early 1980s has been an insufficiently researched phenomenon of the post-war development of Yugoslav tourism.
The inauguration of the NOB memorials into a tourist product and the consequent commercialization of the symbolic and historical-political dimension of the NOB monumental heritage influenced the management mechanisms of the existing and the concepts of building new NOB memorials, as well as their financing models.
The term memorial tourism is taken with some reservations, since this phrase implicitly emphasizes primarily the commercial function as the main characteristic of memorial areas and facilities of the National Liberation War in SFRY, which to some extent neglects the complexity of historical and political significance and symbolic and socio-economic function of the memorial of the National Liberation War.
The idea of introducing the memorial heritage of the National Liberation War in the system of tourist offer and the possibility of symbolic-memorial and socio-economic potentials of memorial sites (memorial parks, memorial areas, etc.) and buildings (memorial homes, museums, authentic buildings) utilized as a complete tourist product at the level of the whole country, stemmed from the fact that the network of memorials of the National Liberation War in SFRY was conceived and built as a functionally capacious system, which performed important functions in the system of self-governing social relations of Yugoslav socialism.
Since the end of the 1940s, a number of commemorative activities have been held at memorial sites: from the erection of simple memorials (memorial plaques, sculptures, etc.) and the holding of annual commemorations, to the development of memorial complexes with an emphasis on educational content. parks and museum collections with the creation of accommodation, catering, and recreational facilities for different groups of visitors (hotel and motel accommodation, workers' resorts, scout camps, recreation areas).
In the mid-1960s, the cultural-educational and sports-recreational functions of the NOB memorial sites were activated as resources and incorporated into a unified tourist offer with the potential to generate economic growth and social development of local communities.
Organized by local branches of the Association of People's Liberation War Veterans (SUBNOR), labor and socio-political organizations, unions, educational institutions and cultural-artistic, professional and sports-recreational associations (Ferial Association, Scout Association, mountaineering associations, Gorani, etc.) In the mid-1970s, about two and a half million citizens of the SFRY attended commemorative ceremonies, cultural, educational and artistic events, partisan marches, excursions and excursions. Strategies and plans for medium-term development of continental tourism in SFRY have recognized catering and accommodation facilities and complementary contents of the NOB memorial, as untapped potential for enriching the tourist offer of local communities in terms of combining memorial, mountain, sea and thermal tourism.
The biodiversity of the natural environment, the beauty of the landscape, and the "coexistence" of different types of tourist offer attracted a larger number of guests, so the number of visitors grew to about four million a year during the eighties. This ultimately represented an attempt to direct the economic impetus of the tourism industry to the development of local economies in economically underdeveloped areas, through the employment of the local population, the development of infrastructure, the arrangement and maintenance of memorial sites.
The process of incorporating the monuments of the National Liberation War into the tourist offer of the SFRY, from the mid-1970s to the disintegration of the country, is shown on the examples of twelve memorial sites from all over the former state. Slovenian author Dejan Habicht.
The exhibition will be open in Zagreb until November 28, 2015, after which you will be able to see it in Sarajevo, Kraljevo, Ljubljana and Belgrade.
Miroslav Kraljević Gallery, Tue-Fri 12-19h, Sat 11-13h
The exhibition is a joint activity of members of the international platform INAPPROPRIATE MONUMENTS and external collaborators. The members of the platform are the associations SF:ius - Social Fringe: Interesting Untold Stories (Zagreb), the Group of Architects (Belgrade), the Modern Gallery (Ljubljana), and the History Museum of BiH (Sarajevo).
Concept: Lana Lovrenčić i Milan Rakita
Design: Oleg Šuran
Research Associates: Mateja Kuka (SF:ius), Nikola Puharić (SF:ius), Tamara Buble (SF:ius), Jelica Jovanović (GA), Jelena Grbić (GA), Marko Jenko (MG+MSU), Elma Hodžić (HM BiH), Barbara Drole, Vladana Putnik, Nenad Lajbenšperger i Goran Janev (Levičarski Pokret Solidarnost, Skoplje).